Los debates sobre el terrorismo bajo el signo de la Guerra contra el Terror: aportaciones desde la Sociología Política | Debates on Terrorism under the aegis of the War on Terror: a Sociopolitical Approach

Laura FERNÁNDEZ DE MOSTEYRÍN

Resumen


Este artículo ofrece una mirada sociopolítica sobre los debates contemporáneos en torno al terrorismo. Parte de tres presupuestos: 1) la violencia política y su explicación sólo pueden comprenderse en su contexto sociohistórico; 2) su estudio requiere un esfuerzo reflexivo; 3) las explicaciones sobre el terrorismo influyen la dinámica sociopolítica. A partir de ellos se examinan los debates académicos sobre el terrorismo y se inscriben en la dinámica ideológica de la Guerra contra el Terror. Se argumenta que, tanto la violencia como su explicación han de comprenderse en el marco del conflicto. Para avanzar en esta idea, se recuperarán los marcos sociopolíticos de análisis trayendo el conflicto al primer plano y situando el terrorismo en la intersección entre lo internacional, lo social y lo político.

 

This paper develops a sociopolitical analysis of contemporary debates on terrorism.  It departs form the assumptions that political violence and its scientific explanation, can only be grasped under sociohistorical contexts and it requires interdisciplinary and reflexive effort. Therefore, contemporary debates need to be addressed under the ideological logics of the War on Terror. Under these premises, the paper examines mainstream accounts —Terrorism Studies— and Critical Studies on Terrorism. After 9/11, the huge increase of research, publications, think tanks and expert’s communities has consolidated an industry of terrorism knowledge that produces justifications of counterterrorist policies. At the same time, there is an emerging movement in the field, producing fresh and alternative explanations borrowing from Critical Traditions. From both grounds, efforts are being made to produce narratives of legitimization /delegitimization of contemporary practices of counterterrorism. It is in this sense that they become part of a wider conflict.


Palabras clave


Conflicto; Violencia Política; Terrorismo; Contraterrorismo; Guerra contra el Terror;Conflict; Political Violence; Terrorism; Counterterrorism; War on Terror

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Referencias


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