Los Estudios Universitarios y el Mindfulness. Una Revisión Sistemática

Virginia Viciana, Andrés B. Fernández Revelles, Marta Linares, Tamara Espejo, Pilar Puertas, Ramón Chacón

Resumen


El proceso de formación del estudiante universitario está compuesto por la transmisión de contenidos académicos utilizando para ello estrategias metodológicas de diferente índole. Para que se desarrolle se deberán plantear el desarrollo de competencias emocionales, ayudándole a reconocer tanto sus emociones y motivaciones como las de los demás, facilitando la capacidad de comunicar y escuchar, adaptándose al medio para reaccionar de forma adecuada ante las diversas situaciones. Los programas de mindfulness pretenden reducir el cansancio emocional, fomentar el aprendizaje de técnicas efectivas del manejo del estrés y habilidades de regulación emocional, que ayudan a que se produzca un correcto proceso de enseñanza y aprendizaje. El presente trabajo analiza la evolución de la producción científica que hay en la Web of Science durante los últimos diez años, clasificando éstos según el objetivo de mejora buscado,  el número de trabajos según el país de procedencia y los instrumentos de media utilizados,  que abordan el mindfulness como un factor influyente en el desarrollo del estudiante universitario, constatando la necesidad de aumentar las investigaciones en este emergente cuerpo de estudio.

 


Palabras clave


Estudiante; Universidad; Desarrollo de la carrera; Rendimiento escolar; Escuela

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/reice2018.16.1.008

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