Vol. 29 (2020)
Artículos

Equinoideos: Atlas para la identificación de elementos, determinación de la morfología, definición de términos y relevancia para la arqueología

DAVID N. LEWIS
The Natural History Museum
Biografía
VERONICA HUNT-LEWIS
Chiswick
Publicado julio 29, 2020

Palabras clave:

ERIZOS DE MAR, EQUINODERMOS, OSÍCULOS, ESPINAS, LINTERNA DE ARISTÓTELES, PRESERVACIÓN
Cómo citar
N. LEWIS, D., & HUNT-LEWIS, V. (2020). Equinoideos: Atlas para la identificación de elementos, determinación de la morfología, definición de términos y relevancia para la arqueología. Archaeofauna, 29, 7-22. https://doi.org/10.15366/archaeofauna2020.29.001

Resumen

Aunque no son tan comunes como los vertebrados o los moluscos, los equinoideos (erizos de mar) sí aparecen en sitios arqueológicos costeros. Probablemente eran una fuente de alimento y las espinas de algunas especies podrían potencialmente usarse como herramientas. Sin embargo, la experiencia necesaria para identificar, incluso especímenes completos, y mucho menos sus osículos desarticulados, no está generalmente disponible. Aquí proporcionamos un conjunto de herramientas que permitirán el reconocimiento preliminar de restos de equinoideos en un contexto arqueológico, incluidas fotografías de pruebas completas y elementos desarticulados, discusiones sobre ellos y definiciones de los términos principales. Los especímenes más o menos completos serán obvios y deberían ser identificables por género, al menos. Aunque los elementos desarticulados pueden ser difíciles de identificar incluso para el género, la naturaleza de todos los osículos debería ser determinable.

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