Los Sambaquis como registros de diversidad de moluscos holocénicos en la costa de Río de Janeiro, Brasil

SARA CHRISTINA PÁDUA, EDSON PEREIRA SILVA, MICHELLE REZENDE DUARTE

Resumen


Se evaluó la eficiencia de los vestigios arqueozoológicos de sambaquis para la re- cuperación de información sobre la biodiversidad del Holoceno. Fueron usados dos inventarios malacológicos de mesoescala: sambaquis (150 sitios arqueológicos de la costa de Río de Janeiro) y el inventario de especies de moluscos actuales registradas para la misma área. El análisis es- tadístico se realizó utilizando pruebas de distinción taxonómica e inferencias de diversidad tró- fica. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los inventarios pasados (sambaquis) y los inventarios actuales de malacofauna. Se concluye que los sambaquis pueden ser usados para la obtención de valiosa información sobre la biodiversidad de moluscos del Holoceno tardío. Además, se sustenta que la incorporación de información de vestigios arqueo- zoológicos a los estudios de biodiversidad puede aportar una perspectiva histórica y evolutiva para esta disciplina.


Palabras clave


MOLUSCOS; DISTINCIÓN TAXONÓMICA; GREMIO TRÓFICO; SAMBAQUIS; DIVERSIDAD TRÓFICA; ARQUEOZOOLOGÍA

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/archaeofauna2019.28.009

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Archaeofauna, International Journal of Archaeozoology

ISSN: 1132-6891