Vol. 20 Núm. 78 (2020)
Área 3. BIOMECÁNICA DEL DEPORTE / SPORTS BIOMECHANICS

CAMBIOS AGUDOS EN MORFOLOGÍA DEL PIE Y PRESIONES PLANTARES AL CORRER DESCALZO

L.M. Alegre
Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha
Biografía
C. Sánchez-Ramírez
Universidad de Santiago de Chile
Biografía
Publicado junio 1, 2020

Palabras clave:

Arco plantar, huella plantar, presión plantar, pie dominante, carrera, descalzo, biomecánica

Resumen

El objetivo de esta investigación fue analizar modificaciones agudas que se producen en la morfología del pie y distribución de presiones plantares luego de la aplicación de un protocolo de carrera a pie descalzo. 42 sujetos de ambos sexos participaron de este estudio, quienes fueron divididos en Grupo Calzado (GC) (n=20) y Grupo Descalzo (GD) (n=22). Se evaluó antropometría del pie, índice del arco (AI) y presiones plantares antes y después de la intervención, que consistió en correr a 3,05 m·s-1 durante 20 min. El pie no dominante del GD disminuyó la altura de su arco plantar (AI pre=0,20, AI post=0,22; p=0,01; ES=0,4), asimismo, la carrera descalza produjo en el pie no dominante menores aumentos en los valores de presión plantar y menores disminuciones en la superficie de apoyo plantar que el correr con calzado.

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