Vol. 20 Núm. 77 (2020)
Área 15. PSICOLOGÍA DEL DEPORTE / SPORT PSYCHOLOGY

DESEO Y EXCITACIÓN SEXUAL EN RELACIÓN CON LA ACTIVIDAD FÍSICA EN JÓVENES ADULTOS

M.M. López-Rodríguez
Universidad de Almería
Biografía
R.P. Aguilera-Vásconez
Universidad de Almería
Biografía
C. Fernández-Sola
Universidad de Almería
Biografía
J.M. Hernández-Padilla
Universidad de Almería
Biografía
M.M. Jiménez-Lasserrotte
Cruz Roja Española
Biografía
J. Granero-Molina
Universidad de Almería
Biografía
Publicado marzo 11, 2020

Palabras clave:

Deseo Sexual, Actividad física, Conducta Sexual, Salud Sexual

Resumen

El deseo sexual es un estado de motivación que puede inducir a la actividad sexual. La actividad física está relacionada con el bienestar en social y sexual. El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar el deseo sexual en relación con la actividad física y su impacto en la excitación e inhibición sexual en una población de jóvenes adultos. La muestra estuvo conformada por 485 participantes (327 mujeres y 158 hombres), entre 18 y 35 años. Este estudio requirió el cumplimiento de un cuestionario sociodemográfico, Inventario de Deseo Sexual (diádico y solitario), Cuestionario de Actividad Física (IPAQ) y Escalas de Inhibición y Excitación Sexual (SES-SIS). Los principales resultados mostraron relación entre el deseo y la actividad física con la excitación y la inhibición sexual, concluyendo que niveles de actividad medios y altos contribuyen de forma positiva en la sexualidad. Futuras investigaciones podrían proponer el ejercicio como intervención en problemas de deseo.

 

Citas

Adeniyi, AF., Adeleye, JO., y Adeniyi, CY. (2010). Diabetes, Sexual Dysfunction and Therapeutic Exercise: A 20 Year Review. Current Diabetes Reviews, 6(4), 201-206. http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157339910791658907

Carpenter, D. L., Janssen, E., Graham, C. A., Vorst, H., y Wicherts, J. (2011) The Sexual Inhibition/Sexual Excitation Scales-Short Form (SIS/SES-SF). Handbook of Sexuality-Related Measures, Vol. 3. Publisher: Routledge. pp. 236-239.

Bancroft, J., Graham, C. A., Janssen, E., & Sanders, S. A. (2009). The dual control model: Current status and future directions. Journal of Sex Research, 46(2-3), 121-142. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00224490902747222

Catania, J. A., Gibson, D. R., Chitwood, D. D., & Coates, T. J. (1990). Methodological problems in AIDS behavioral research: influences on measurement error and participation bias in studies of sexual behavior. Psychological bulletin, 108(3), 339.

Crespo-Salgado, J., Delgado-Martín, J., Blanco-Iglesias, O., y Aldecoa-Landesa, S. (2015). Guía Básica de detención de sedentarismo y recomendaciones de actividad física en atención primaria. Atención Primaria, 47(3), 175-183. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aprim.2014.09.004

Corona, G., Rastrelli, G., Jannini, E., Vignozzi, L., Manucci, E., Forti, G., y Maggi, M. (2013). Risk factors associated with primary and secondary reduced libido in male patients with sexual dysfuntion. Endocrine Abstracts. http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/endoabs.32.p672

Corona, G., Isidori, A., Aversa, A., Burnett, A., y Maggi, M. (2016). Endocrinologic Control of Men´s Sexual Desire and Arousal/Erection. The Journal Of Sexual Medicine, 13(3), 317-337. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2016.01.007

Davis, S., Sandherg, J., Bradford, A. y Larson, J. (2016). Gender differences in couple attachment behavior as predictors of dietary habits and physical activity levels. Journal Of Health Psychology, 21(12), 3048-3059. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105315592049

Dosch, A., Ghisletta, P., & Van der Linden, M. (2016). Body image in dyadic and solitary sexual desire: The role of encoding style and distracting thoughts. The Journal of Sex Research, 53(9), 1193-1206. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2015.1096321

Esposito, K., Ciotola, M., Giugliano, F., Maiorino, M., Autorino, R., De Sio, Giugliano, G., Nicoletti, D´Andrea, y Giugliano, D. (2009). Effects of Intensive Lifestyle Changes on Erectile Dysfunction in Men. The Journal Of Sexual Medicine, 6(1), 243-250. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2008.01030.x

European Opinion Research Group. (2003). Physical activity in 15 European states No. 58.2. Brussels: Special Eurobarometer. European Commission.

Finley, N. (2017). Lifestyle Choise Can Augment Female Sexual Well-Being. American Journal Of Lifestyle Medicine, 12(1), 38-41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1559827617740823

Fisher, T. D. (2007). Sex of experimenter and social norms effects on reports of sexual behavior in young men and women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 26, 89-100. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-006-9094-7

Fisher, T.D. (2009). The impact of socially conveyed norms on the reporting of sexual behavior and attitudes by men and women. Journal of Experiemental Social Psychology, 46, 567- 572. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2009.02.007

Granados, M.R.; Salinas, J.M.; Sierra, J.C. (2017). Spanish versión of the Sexual Excitation/Sexual Inhibition Inventory For Women: Factorial structure, reliability and validity evidences. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 17(1), 46-55. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijchp.2016.09.003

Haavio-Mannila, E., y Purhonen, S. (2001). Slimness and self-rated sexual attractiveness: Comparisons of men and women in two cultures. Journal Of Sex Research, 38(2), 102-110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00224490109552077

Habel, M., Dittus, P., De Rosa, C., Chung, E., y Kerndt, P. (2010). Daily Participation in Sport and Students´Sexual Activity. Perspectives On Sexual And Reproductive Health, 42(4), 244-250. https://doi.org/10.1363/4224410

Hackney, A., Lane, A., Register-Mihalik, J., y O´Leary, C. (2017). Endurance Exercise Training and Male Sexual Libido. Medicine & Science in Sport & Excercise, 49(7), 1383-1388. http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/mss.0000000000001235

Hsiao, W., Shrewsberry, A., Moses, K., Johnson, T., Cai, A., Stuhldreher, P. Dusseault, y Ritenour. (2012). Exercise is Associated with Better Erectile Function in Men Under 40 as Evaluated by the International Index of Erectil Function. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 9(2), 524-530. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2011.02560.x

Huang, C., Lee, L., y Chang, M. (2007). The Influences of Personality and Motivation on Exercise Participation and Quality of Life. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 35(9), 1189-1210. http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2007.35.9.1189

Jiménez-Torres, M. G., Godoy-Izquierdo, D. & Godoy, G. J. F. (2012). Relación entre los motivos para la práctica físico-deportiva y las experiencias de flujo en jóvenes: diferencias en función del sexo. Universitas Psychologica, 11(3), 909-920.

Jiménez, J., Zagalaz, M., Molero, D., Pulido, M., y Ruiz, J. (2013). Capacidad aeróbica, felicidad y satisfacción con la vida en adolescentes españoles. Revista de Psicología del Deporte, 22(2), 429-436. ISSN 1132-239X

Khoo, J., Tian. H., Tan, B., Chew, K., Ng, C., Leong, D., Teo y Chen. (2013). Comparing Effects of Low-and High- Volume Moderate-Intensity Exercise on Sexual Function and Testosterone in Obese Men. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 10(7), 1823-1832. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jsm.12154

Koyuncu, M., Tok, S., Canpolat, A., Catikkas, F. (2010). Body image satisfaction and dissatisfaction, social physique anxiety, selft-esteem, and body fat ratio in female exercisers and nonexercisers. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 38(4), 561-570. http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2010.38.4.561

Kulig, K., Brener, N., y McManus, T. (2003). Sexual Activity and Substance Use Among Adolescents by Category of Physical Activity Plus Team Sport Participation. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 157(9), 905. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpedi.157.9.905

Lane, A., Register-Mihalik, J., O´Leary, C., y Hackney, A. (2016). Relationship Between Exercise Training and Libido in Endurance Trained Men. Medicine & Science in Sport & Exercise, 48, 267. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1249/01.mss.0000485803.44765.41

La Vignera, S., Condorelli, R., Vicari, E., D´Agata, R., y Calogero, A. (2011). Aerobic physical activity improves endotelial function in the middle-aged patients with erectile dysfunction. The Aging Male, 14(4), 265-272. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/13685538.2010.544344

La Vignera, S., Condorelli, R., Vicari, E., D´Agata, R., y Calogero, A. (2012). Physical Activity and Erectile Dysfunction in Middle-Aged Men. Journal Of Andrology, 33(2), 154-161. http://dx.doi.org/10.2164/jandrol.111.013649

Lorenz, T., Meston, C. (2012). Acute Exercise Improves Physical Sexual Arousal in Women Taking Antidepressants. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 43(3), 352-361. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12160-011-9338-1

Lorenz, T., Meston, C. (2013). Exercise Improves Sexual Function in Women Taking Antidepressants: Results From a Randomized Crossover Trial. Depression and Anxiety, 31(3), 188-195. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.22208

Maio, G., Saraeb, S., y Marchiori, A. (2010). Physical Activity and PDE5 Inhibitors in the Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction: Results of a Randomized Controlled Study. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 7(6), 2201-2208. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2010.01783.x

Miller, K., Sabo, D., Farrell, M., Barnes, G., y Melnick, M. (1998). Athletic Participation and Sexual Behavior in Adolescents: The Different Worlds of Boys and Girls. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 39(2), 108. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2676394

Mor, Z. Parfionov, K., Davidovitch, N., Grotto, I. (2014). Gym exercising patterns, lifestyle and high-risk sexual behaviour in men who have sex with men and in heterosexual men. BMJ Open, 4(11), e005205. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005205

Moyano, N., y Sierra, J. (2014). Validación de las Escalas de Inhibición Sexual/Excitación Sexual- Forma Breve (SIS/SES-SF). Terapia Psicológica, 32(2), 87-100. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48082014000200002

Nogueira Avelar e Silva, R., Wijtzes, A., van deBongardt, D., van de Looij-Jansen, P., Bannink, R., y Raat, H. (2016). Early Sexual Intercourse: Prospective Associations with Adolescents Physical Activity and Screen Time. PLOS ONE, 11(8), e0158648. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0158648

Ortega, V., Zubeidat, I., y Sierra, J. (2006). Further Examination of Measurement Properties of Spanish Version of the Sexual Desire Inventory with Undergraduates and Adolescent Students. Psycological Reports, 99(1), 147-165. http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/pr0.99.1.147-165

Penhollow, T., y Young, M. (2008) Predictors of Sexual Satisfaction: The Role of Body Image and Fitness. Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality, 11.

Pujols, Y., Meston, C., y Seal, B. (2010). The Association Between Sexual Satisfaction and Body Image in Women. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 7(2), 905-916. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2009.01604.x

Román-Viñas, B., Ribas-Barba, L., Ngo, J., & Serra-Majem, L. (2013). Validación en población catalana del cuestionario internacional de actividad física. Gaceta Sanitaria, 27(3), 254-257. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2012.05.013

Sacomori, C.; Felizola, F.L.V.; Kruguer, A.P.; Sperandio, F.F. y Cardoso, F.L. (2013) Nivel de actividad física y función sexual de mujeres / Physical activity level and sexual function of women. Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte, 13(52), 703-717. http://cdeporte.rediris.es/revista/revista52/artinfluencia420.htm

Sexual Desire Quiz. Maze Women's Sexual Health. (2018). Recuperado de https://www.mazewomenshealth.com/whats-new/resources/sexual-desire-inventory/

Sigmundová, D., Sigmund, E., Hamrík, Z., Kalman, M., Pavelka, J., & Frömel, K. (2015). Sedentary behaviour and physical activity of randomized sample of czech adults aged 20-64 years: ipaq and gpaq studies between 2002 and 2011. Central European Journal of Public Health, 23,S91-S96 http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a4142

Skoyen, J. Blank, E., Corkery, S. y Butler, E. (2013). The interplay of partner and individual values predicts daily fluctuations in eating and physical activity. Journal Of Social and Personal Relationships 30(8), 1000-1019. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0265407513479214

Sgrò, P., y Di Luigi, L. (2017). Sport and Male Sexuality. Jounal Of Endocrinological Investigation, 40(9), 911-923. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40618-017-0652-8

Spector, I., Carey, M., y Steinberg, L. (1996). The sexual desire inventory: Development, factor structure, and evidence of reliability. Journal Of Sex & Marital Therapy, 22(3), 175-190. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00926239608414655

Stojanovska, L., Apostolopouslos, V., Polman, R., y Borkoles, E. (2014). To exercise, or, not to exercise, during menopause and beyond. Maturitas, 77(4), 318-323. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2014.01.006

Taliaferro, L., Rienzo, B., y Donovan, K. (2010). Relationships Between Youth Sport Participation and Selected Health Risk Behaviors From 1999 to 2007. Journal Of School Health, 80(8), 399-410. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2010.00520.x

Uhlmann, L. R., Donovan, C. L., Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J., Bell, H. S., y Ramme, R. A. (2018). The fit beauty ideal: A healthy alternative to thinness or a wolf in sheep’s clothing?. Body image, 25, 23-30. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.01.005