Validez del test sit-and-reach con flexión plantar en niños de 10-12 años / Validity of Sit-And-Reach with Plantar Flexion Test in Children Aged 10-12 Years pp. 577-591

D. Mayorga-Vega, R. Merino-Marban, J.C. García-Romero

Resumen


El principal objetivo del presente estudio fue examinar la validez de criterio de los tests sit-and-reach clásico (SRC) y sit-and-reach con flexión plantar (SRF) para estimar la extensibilidad de la musculatura isquiosural en niños. Un total de 72 escolares (40 niños y 32 niñas) de 10-12 años de edad realizaron los tests lineales SRC y SRF, y el test criterio de medida elevación pasiva de la pierna recta. Los resultados de la correlación de Pearson (r) mostraron moderados valores de asociación de los tests SRC y SRF con la extensibilidad isquiosural (r = 0,71 y r = 0,74, ps < 0,01, respectivamente). Los valores de validez de criterio encontrados para el SRF fueron mayores que para el SRC, excepto para las niñas en el que fueron similares. Los hallazgos del presente estudio sugieren que la evaluación de la extensibilidad de la musculatura isquiosural mediante el test sit-and-reach debería realizarse permitiendo la flexión plantar.

PALABRAS CLAVE: Validez de criterio, Flexibilidad, Extensibilidad isquiosural, Elevación pasiva de la pierna recta, Sit-and-reach clásico, Test de campo, Educación Primaria.

 

ABSTRACT

The main purpose of this study was to examine the criterion-related validity of classic sit-and-reach (CSR) and sit-and-reach with plantar flexion (SRF) tests for estimating hamstringextensibility in children. A total of 72 students (40 boys and 32 girls) aged 10-12 years performed the lineal tests CSR and SRF, and the criteria measure passive straight-leg raise test.Pearson´s correlation (r) results showed moderate values of association between CSR and SRF with hamstring extensibility (r = 0.71 and r = 0.74, ps < 0.01, respectively). Criterion-related validity values found for SRF were greater than for the CSR, except for the girls where the values were similar. The findings of this study suggest that the assessment of hamstring flexibilityby sit-and-reach test should be performed allowing plantar flexion.

 

KEY WORDS: Criterion-related validity, Flexibility, Hamstring extensibility, Passive straight-leg raise test, Classic sit-and-reach test, Field test, Primary Education.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2015.59.011

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