Núm. 58 (2015)
Área 4. EDUCACIÓN FÍSICA Y DEPORTE COMPARADO / COMPARED PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORT

Narraciones de adolescentes con estilos de vida activos y sedentarios / Narratives Of Adolescents With An Active And Sedentary Lifestyle. pp. 223-244

Publicado octubre 1, 2015

Resumen

Nuestra investigación trata de analizar las narraciones de adolescentes que han adoptado diferentes estilos de vida e identificar las variables psicológicas, comportamentales, sociales y ambientales relacionadas con un estilo de vida activo y una vida sedentaria. Se aplicaron entrevistas de carácter narrativo a 2 niñas (1 activa y 1 sedentaria) y 2 niños (1 activo y 1 sedentario). El análisis temático ha identificado las categorías que distinguen a los dos grupos de estudiantes, a lo largo de su infancia y adolescencia, específicamente: historia de la actividad física (AF); valor de los comportamientos sedentarios; apoyo social de la familia y amigos a la AF; seguridad física y las instalaciones en el barrio; participación en AF extracurricular en la escuela; la escuela primaria y secundaria y experiencias en Educación Física (EF); profesores y compañeros de EF; conocimiento de la AF y la salud; y actitudes hacia la EF y la escuela.

PALABRAS CLAVE: Actividad física, Educación Física, promoción de estilos de vida, adolescentes, investigación cualitativa.

 

ABSTRACT

This study sought to analyse the narratives of adolescents who have adopted an active or a sedentary lifestyle, and to identify psychological, behavioural, social and environmental variabl­­es related to an active and a sedentary lifestyle among adolescents. Narrative interviews were conducted with 2 girls (1active and 1 sedentary) and 2 boys (1 active and 1sedentary). Thematic analysis identified a number of key personal, social and environmental influences on physical activity (PA) that distinguished the two groups of students, through their childhood and adolescence. These included PA history, the value of sedentary behaviours, social support from family and friends for PA, safety and PA facilities in the local neighbourhood, PA participation in school besides Physical Education (PE), primary and secondary school and experiences in PE, PE teachers and PE peers, PA and health knowledge and perception of PE goals, and attitudes toward school and PE.

KEYWORDS: Physical activity, Physical Education, lifestyle promotion, adolescents, qualitative research.

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