VARIABLES DE RENDIMIENTO Y PENALIZACIONES TÉCNICAS DEL SALTO ZANCADA

M. Rodríguez-Galán, L.A. Gómez-Landero Rodríguez

Resumen


Se analizó la relación entre las penalizaciones técnicas obtenidas en la ejecución de un elemento gimnástico aislado con el nivel competitivo de las gimnastas, sus características antropométricas y las variables temporales y angulares más importantes analizadas en dicha habilidad. Fueron seleccionadas 29 gimnastas (17,1 ± 3,1 años) procedentes de distintos niveles competitivos. Tres entrenadores evaluaron la ejecución mediante una adaptación del Código de Puntuación. Se observaron asociaciones significativas directas e indirectas (p < 0,05): bajo índice de adiposidad (rho = 0,643), tiempo total de batida (rho = 0,619), tiempo total de vuelo (rho = - 0,596), máxima amplitud articular de caderas (rho = - 0,902) y máxima extensión de los tobillos (rho = - 0,738). La valoración de las penalizaciones así como el uso del nivel competitivo y del Salto Zancada como test específico han resultado ser herramientas útiles para la valoración del rendimiento.

 

PALABRAS CLAVE: gimnasia rítmica, fotogrametría, rendimiento


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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2018.72.001

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