SUPLEMENTOS DE CARBOHIDRATOS DURANTE UN EJERCICIO: EFECTOS SOBRE LOS ELECTRÓLITOS Y GLUCOSA / SUPPLEMENTS OF CARBOHYDRATES LONG DURING EXERCISE: EFFECTS ON THE ELECTROLYTES AND GLUCOSE

J.C. Marins, L. Pereira, P.R. Amorim, J. Arnaiz-Lastras, M. Sillero-Quintana, C.R. Alfenas

Resumen


RESUMEN

Objetivo: Identificar si la forma de presentación de los suplementos de carbohidratos (SC) influye en la respuesta de la concentración plasmática de electrólitos y glucosa durante un ejercicio de larga duración. Doce hombres realizaron cuatro pruebas de 90 min en cicloergometro (55-60%VO2máx), seguidas por 6 km a máxima velocidad, consumiendo SC en diferentes presentaciones (líquido, gel o sólido) y un día únicamente consumían agua. Se analizaron las concentraciones de sodio, potasio y glucosa en sangre antes del ejercicio, cada 30 minutos de prueba, y tras los 6 km. No hubo diferencia significativa en la respuesta de los electrolitos durante todo estudio. Hubo diferencias significativas (p<0,05) en la glucosa cuando se consumieron SC independientemente de su presentación frente al consumo exclusivo de agua. Se concluye que la forma de presentación de los SC no influye en la concentración de glucosa en sangre durante el ejercicio de larga duración.

PALABRAS CLAVE: Nutrición deportiva, Hidratación, Electrolitos plasmáticos.

 

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify if the format of carbohydrate supplements (CS) influence the response of the plasmatic concentration of electrolytes and glucose during long duration exercise. Twelve men performed four tests of 90 min on a cycle ergometer (55-60% VO2max), followed by 6 km at maximum speed, consuming CS in different forms (liquid, gel or solid) and one day just consuming water. It was analyzed the concentrations of sodium, potassium and blood glucose before exercise, every 30 minutes of test, and after 6 km. There was no significant difference in the response of electrolytes during the study. However, the glucose showed significant differences (p <0.05) when it was consumed CS regardless of their form, whenever just water was consumed. In this way is possible to conclude, that the format of the SC does not affect the blood glucose concentration during long duration exercise.


KEY WORDS: Sports Nutrition, Hydration, Electrolytes plasmatic.


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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2018.70.005

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