Efectividad de un programa de Pilates romana en lumbalgia inespecífica. Estudio piloto / Effectiveness of Romana Pilates Program in Low Back Pain. A Pilot Study

S. Pérez-de-la-Cruz, S. Puentes-Fernández, P. Rocamora-Pérez, J.M. Lozano-Fernández

Resumen


Objetivo: comprobar la efectividad del método Pilates Romana para conseguir una mayor flexibilidad de la columna, junto con una mejora en la movilidad de la misma, así como del dolor que presentan en su vida diaria los pacientes.

Metodología: ensayo clínico con intención de tratar a treinta pacientes con dolor lumbar inespecífico. Asistieron a 15 sesiones, 2 veces a la semana, del Método Pilates Romana.. Se evaluaron parámetros tales como dolor, test de Schöber, SRS-22 y distancia dedos- suelo.

Resultados. Se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas con respecto al dolor (escala EVA), distancia dedos- suelo, test de Schöber (flexibilidad en plano sagital), flexión lateral (flexibilidad en plano frontal) y en varios ítems de la escala SRS-22, con valores de p<0,001. Por ello, este método puede ser usado para mejorar el dolor, la flexibilidad axial, la función y los aspectos relacionados con la calidad de vida.

PALABRAS CLAVE: Pilates, flexibilidad, lumbalgia, calidad de vida, dolor.

ABSTRACT

Aim: to test the effectiveness of the Romana’s Pilates method to obtain increased flexibility, improvements in mobility, and reduced pain in daily life.     

Methodology: a clinical trial with intention-to-treat thirty patients with non-specific low back pain. Participants attended 15 sessions, twice a week. The Romana’s Pilates method was taught by an external physiotherapist. Parameters such as pain, the Schober test, and the SRS-22 were evaluated.

Results: Statistically significant differences in pain (VAS), the Schober test (flexibility in sagittal plane), lateral flexion (flexibility in frontal plane) and several items of the SRS-22 scale were found, with p <0.001.
This method may be used to improve pain, axial flexibility, function and aspects related to the quality of life of patients.

KEY WORDS: Pilates, flexibility, low back pain, quality of life, pain.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2017.68.006

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