Evaluación postural y análisis del equilibrio en principiantes de esquí nórdico / Postural Evaluation and Balance Analysis in Nordic Skiing Beginners

E. Inglés, V. Villena, J.M. Padullés, F. Funollet, V. Labrador, J.B. Gomila

Resumen


Se trata de un estudio de diseño transversal con evaluación del control postural antes-después de un curso de iniciación al esquí nórdico (5 jornadas, 6h/día), a un grupo experimental de 25 sujetos, participantes de la formación, y un grupo control de 8 sujetos. Se pretende evaluar el efecto de un entrenamiento inicial de esquí nórdico sobre el control postural en jóvenes deportistas. La estabilidad corporal se evaluó por medio de un test estabilométrico, calculando el área de desviación del centro de presiones por medio de una plataforma de fuerzas con sensores electrónicos. No se aprecian diferencias significativas en el grado de mejora del equilibrio entre el grupo experimental y el grupo control. Nuevos estudios con una mayor exigencia en la formación en esquí nórdico y un mayor número de sujetos en el grupo control son requeridos.

PALABRAS CLAVE: Control postural, Equilibrio, Esquí nórdico, Plataforma de fuerzas, Centro de gravedad.

ABSTRACT

Cross-sectional study with evaluation of postural control before and after a course of initiation to Nordic skiing (5 days, 6 hours per day). The sample consisted of an experimental group of 25 subjects participated in the training and a control group of 8 subjects. It is intended to evaluate the effect of initial training of Nordic skiing on postural control in young athletes. The physical stability was evaluated by a stabilometric test, calculating the deviation of the area of the center of pressures by the use of a force platform with electronic sensors. No significant differences were observed in the degree of improvement of the balance between the experimental group and the control group. New studies with a greater emphasis on training in Nordic skiing and a greater number of subjects in the control group are required.

KEYWORDS: Postural control, balance, Nordic skiing, force platform, center of gravity.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2017.68.005

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