Años de experiencia como factor limitante en corredores veteranos de largas distancias / Training Experience as a Limiting Factor in Master Long Distance Runners

A. Astorgano-Diez, J. Santos-Concejero, J. Calleja-González

Resumen


En las últimas décadas ha aumentado el número de atletas veteranos en carreras populares de resistencia. El estudio, que incluyó 103 atletas, tuvo el  objetivo de analizar cómo influye la edad y los años de experiencia en el rendimiento de corredores veteranos en largas distancias. Para ello se elaboró un cuestionario ad hoc. El análisis de los años de experiencia muestra correlaciones significativas (p<0,05) en todas las distancias de la categoría de 35-39 años, así como en la distancia de 21,1 km en categoría 40-44 años. Por otro lado, en la comparación entre categorías relacionados con el tiempo total, se encontraron diferencias significativas en la distancia de 21,1 km para los grupos de edad de 35-39/45-49 (p=0,014) y 35-39/50-54 (p=0,014) así como en la distancia de 42,2 km para los grupos de edad de 35-39/45-49 (p=0,022) y 45-49/50-54 (p=0,050). Los años de experiencia parecen ser un factor limitante del rendimiento.

PALABRAS CLAVE: corredores populares, veteranos, años experiencia, largas distancias.

ABSTRACT

In the last decades, the number of recreational master runners in long-distance running events has increased. This study, which included 103 runners, aimed to analyze the influence of age and training experience on master runners' performance over long distances. An ad hoc questionnaire was used. Training experience analysis showed significant correlations (p<0.05) in all distances in the 35-39 years category, as well as in the distance of 21.1 km in the 40-44 years category. Furthermore, in the comparison between categories related to the total time, significant differences were found in 21.1 km distance for age groups of 35-39 / 45-49 (p=0.014) and 35-39 / 50-54 (p= 0.014) as well as in 42.2 km distance for the age groups of 35-39 / 45-49 (p=0.022) and 45-49 / 50-54 (p=0.050). Training experience appears to be a limiting factor for performance in recreational master runners.

KEYWORDS: recreational runners, master, years of training, long distances


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2017.68.003

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