Orden en los ejercicios de fuerza sobre el rendimiento de los judocas / Order of Strength Exercises on the Performance of Judo Athletes

A.R. Saraiva, C.J Borba-Pinheiro, V.M. Reis, J.L. Bitencourt da Silva, A.J. Drigo, L.J. Mataruna-Dos-Santos, J.S. Novaes

Resumen


OBJETIVO: El objetivo fue investigar el efecto del orden distintas de ejercicios de fuerza para extremidades superiores e inferiores en el rendimiento específico de judokas junior. MÉTODO: Se divide una muestra de 39 atletas masculinos en tres grupos: Experimental-EG1; EG2 y Control. Los Grupos  realizaron ejercicios de fuerza máxima y potencia con intensidades del 80-90para 12 semanas de intervención. El orden de los ejercicios para el EG1 fue del de extremidades superiores primero e inferiores después. El EG2 realiza los mismos ejercicios en secuencia inversa. Se utilizó la Prueba Especial Judo Fitness (SJFT) para evaluación. RESULTADOS: Los experimentos intra e inter grupos muestran diferencias (p<0.05) en los derribos-caídas y en el índice SJFT, con EG2 mostrando mejores resultados. CONCLUSIONES: Las variables de SJFT tuvieron mejores resultados en el orden de ejercicios seguidos por el EG2.

PALABRAS CLAVE: acondicionamiento físico, entrenamiento de resistencia, rendimiento deportivo, judo.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of strength exercises using different orders for upper and lower limbs on the specific performance of junior judo athletes. METHODS: 39 male athletes were divided into three groups: experimental-EG1, experimental-EG2 and control group. Experimental groups performed with intensities 80-90% of strength and power for 12 weeks. The exercise-order for EG1 followed an upper to lower limb sequence and EG2 performed the same exercises in reverse. The Special Judo Fitness Test (SJFT) was used in the assessment.RESULTS: Experimental intra and inter-groups showed differences (p<0.05) in the throws-falls and SJFT-index, but the EG2 showed best results. CONCLUSIONS: The SJFT-variables had better results to exercises order in EG2.

KEYWORDS: physical conditioning, resistance training, sports performance, judo.


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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2017.68.002

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