Policía costera de Vigo. Estudio piloto cuasi-experimental sobre rescate y RCP / Coastal Police of Vigo. A Quasi-Experimental Pilot Study about Rescue and CPR

R. Barcala-Furelos, C. Abelairas-Gómez, P. Domínguez-Vila, C. Vales-Porto, S. López-García, J. Palacios-Aguilar

Resumen


El ahogamiento es una de las principales causas de muerte en el mundo y en España. Los socorristas ejercen una labor de prevención y vigilancia pero su labor es estacional y temporal. En muchos lugares, la primera respuesta a la emergencia, cuando los socorristas no están de servicio, depende de la policía, a la que se le requiere habilidades de rescate y reanimación cardiopulmonar (RCP). El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la capacidad de rescate y efecto de la fatiga sobre la calidad de la RCP de un grupo de diez policías costeros cuya área de influencia es el litoral de Vigo. El diseño fue cuasi-experimental con dos factores (pretest basal/postest rescate). Los policías pudieron realizar el rescate acuático rápido y seguro 417 ± 54,5 seg, a nivel de lactacidema se registró 12,27 ± 2,36 mmol. La fatiga inducida por el rescate afectó negativamente a la calidad de la compresiones en la RCP (p = 0,002).

PALABRAS CLAVE: Reanimación cardiopulmonar, ahogamiento, rescate, policía, fatiga.

ABSTRACT

Drowning is a leading cause of death worldwide and in Spain. Lifeguards exert vigilance and prevention efforts but their work is seasonal and temporary. In many places the first emergency response when lifeguards are not on duty, depends on the police, which are required rescue skills and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The objective of this study is to determine the ability of lifesaving and effect of fatigue on the quality of CPR of a group of ten coastal police whose area of influence is the coast of Vigo. The design was quasi-experimental with two factors (basal pretest / posttest rescue). Cops with basic training could perform fast and safe water rescue 417 ± 54.5 seconds, lactate level was recorded 12.27 ± 2.36 mmol. Induced fatigue during resuce effort had a nevative effect on the quality of compressions in CPR (p = 0.002).

KEY WORDS: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, drowning, lifesaving, police, fatigue.


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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2017.66.012

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