Validez del cuestionario internacional de actividad física por correlación con podómetro / Validity of International Questionnaire of Physical Activity by Correlation with Pedometer

E.A.F.Q. Bortolozo, C.B. Santos, L.A. Pilatti, M.H.G. Canteri

Resumen


El estudio tiene por objetivo verificar la validez del Cuestionario Internacional de Actividad Física (IPAQ) por medio de correlación con otro instrumento de medida de gasto energético (GE) y nivel de actividad física (NAF). Los datos fueron analizados por medio del teste de correlación y técnicas de Data Mining. Fueran observadas correlaciones significativas (p<0,001) de los números de pasos con las calorías (r=0,76; 0,80) y escala de clasificación de NAF (r=0,93; 0,71), involucrando respectivamente el Podómetro y el IPAQ. Lo mismo ha sucedido entre el número de calorías (r=0.83) y escala (r=0,67), por los mismos procedimientos. Se ha constatado elevada correlación entre el IPAQ y el podómetro, resultando en modelos de clasificación con grado de predicción de hasta 84,10% (r=0,917) de la variable dependiente, con capacidad de predicción del GE y NAF a través del IPAQ, con base en el número de pasos mensurados por el podómetro.

PALABRAS CLAVE: Cuestionario Internacional de Actividad Física (IPAQ). Podómetro. Gasto energético. Actividad física

ABSTRACT                            

The goal of this study is to verify the validity of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) through correlation with another instrument to measure energy expenditure (EE) and level of physical activity (PAL). The data was analyzed using correlation and data mining. Significant correlations (p<0.001) were observed for the number of steps with calories (r=0.76; 0.80) and the rating scale of PAL (r=0.93; 0.71), involving the pedometer and the IPAQ, respectively. The same occurred between the number of calories (r=0.83) and scale (r=0.67), for the same procedures. A high correlation was found between the use of the IPAQ (long version) and the pedometer, resulting in classification models with a degree of prediction of up to 84.10% (r=0.917) of the dependent variable, with the ability to predict EE and PAL through the IPAQ from the number of steps measured by the pedometer.

KEYWORDS: International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ); pedometer; energy expenditure; physical activity.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2017.66.011

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