Efectos del entrenamiento de fuerza en la velocidad de golpeo en tenistas jóvenes / Effects of Strength Training on Hitting Speed in Young Tennis Players

M. Terraza-Rebollo, E. Baiget, F. Corbi, A. Planas Anzano

Resumen


La velocidad de golpeo es uno de los factores fundamentales para el rendimiento en tenis competitivo. El objetivo del estudio fue determinar el efecto de dos métodos de entrenamiento de fuerza sobre la velocidad de golpeo en tenis. 20 jugadores de nivel regional (promedio ± SD: edad 15.5 ± 0.9 años; peso 61.4 ± 7.6 Kg; talla 170.3 ± 9.4 cm) fueron asignados aleatoriamente en tres grupos. Durante 8 semanas a 3 días·sem-1, un grupo realizó un entrenamiento adicional con sobrecargas (SC), un segundo grupo entrenamiento adicional mediante lanzamientos con balón medicinal y banda elástica (L) y un tercer grupo (C, control) únicamente realizó el entrenamiento técnico-táctico. Todos los grupos mejoraron los niveles de fuerza, excepto el grupo control. El grupo SC obtuvo mayores incrementos en la velocidad de servicio. El grupo L mejoró la velocidad de lanzamiento de balón medicinal aunque no hubo transferencia en la velocidad de golpeo.

PALABRAS CLAVE: entrenamiento fuerza,  tenis, velocidad de golpeo.

ABSTRACT

Nowadays, hitting speed is an important component of tennis performance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of two different strength training methods on hitting speed.  20 tennis players were (mean ± SD: age 15.5 ± 0.9 years; weight 61.4 ± 7.6 kg; height 170.3 ± 9.4 cm) randomly divided into 3 groups. During 8 weeks with a frequency of 3 days per week, the first group (SC) performed one additional training with overloads, the second group (L) completed an additional training with medicine ball and elastic band; and the third group (C, control), only completed the technical-tactical training. Each group increased their strength, except the control group. SC group had the best improvement in serve speed. L group increased the strength levels although there was no transfer from the improved strength to the hitting speed.

KEY WORDS: tennis, hitting speed, strength training, resistance training.


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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2017.66.009

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