Núm. 65 (2017)
Área 16. SOCIOLOGÍA DEL DEPORTE / SPORT SOCIOLOGY

Mujer y pintura deportiva: La Colección del Consejo Superior de Deportes (España) / Women and Sport Painting: Collection of Superior Council of Sports (Spain)

Publicado marzo 6, 2017

Resumen

El objetivo del presente estudio es analizar cómo es representada la mujer en la pintura deportiva, según la selección avalada por el Consejo Superior de Deportes, que aparece en “Deporte, arte y literatura”. El análisis cuantitativo muestra a la mujer en un número muy reducido de obras y caracterizada como joven y delgada. El análisis cualitativo identifica un tratamiento sexista y discriminatorio de la mujer, pintada desde un enfoque androcéntrico: bien como objeto sexual, bien como personaje pasivo, secundario y en función del personaje masculino. En las escasas ocasiones en las que la mujer aparece como personaje activo y central de la obra, aparece con énfasis estético y expresivo del movimiento, lo que caracteriza las actividades físico-deportivas que la ideología de género considera femeninas. En conclusión la pintura sobre el deporte ofrece una imagen sesgada y desigual, reproduciendo los estereotipos respecto a la masculinización del deporte y relega la presencia femenina.

PALABRAS CLAVE: Estereotipo, desigualdad, deporte, género.

 

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to analyse how women are represented in the sports paintings, taking as reference a selection of works supported by the Superior Council of Sports, collected in the publication "Sport, art and literature". Quantitative analysis note that the female figure appears in a very small number of works and they are represented young and thin. Qualitative analysis allows to identify a sexist treatment and discriminatory of women, who is painted from an androcentric perspective: a sexual object, passive character, secondary and based on the male character. When the women appears as an active character and central of the work, they are marked by the emphasis in the aesthetic aspects and expressive of the movement, what defines the physical-sports activities that the gender ideology considers to be female. In conclusion, sport painting offers an image skewed and uneven, reproducing stereotypes regarding the masculinization of the sport and the limited nature of female sports.

KEYWORDS: Stereotype, inequality, sport, gender.

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