Efectos de la natación para jóvenes con trastorno del espectro autista / Effects of a Swimming Program for Young People with Autism Spectrum Disorder

R.A. Pimenta, A.T. Zuchetto, T. Bastos, R. Corredeira

Resumen


El objetivo fue evaluar los efectos de un programa de actividad acuática con las habilidades acuáticas de los alumnos con trastorno del espectro autista (TEA). El programa consistió en 15 sesiones enfatizando la entrada y salida de la piscina, la orientación sobre el agua y la iniciación en el estilo crol y espalda. Se observó si los estudiantes eran capaces de realizar las tareas de forma independiente, con la instrucción verbal y gestual, con una conducta física o sin poder realizar la tarea solicitada. En general, los estudiantes desarrollaron tanto las entradas y salidas, como el control de la respiración y el movimiento de desplazamiento. En particular, se destaca la evolución positiva de los cinco evaluados en tres tareas específicas de entradas y salidas. La investigación ha demostrado que los estudiantes con TEA pueden presentar resultados positivos con respecto a la evolución de las habilidades acuáticas y una mejor aplicación de las actividades propuestas.

PALABRAS CLAVE: Trastorno del espectro autista; Habilidades acuáticas; Natación; Actividad acuática.

 

ABSTRACT

The aim of this research was to evaluate the effects of a program of aquatic activity in the aquatic skills of students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The program consisted of 15 sessions emphasizing entering and exiting the pool, water orientation and introduction to front crawl and backstroke. It was evaluated if students were able to perform tasks independently, with verbal and gestural instruction, with physical conduct or didn´t perform the requested task. In general, students demonstrated improvement in both entering and exiting the pool, as in respiratory control and displacements. In particular, it was noted the positive development of the five participants in the three tasks required to enter and exit the pool. Research has shown that students with ASD can have positive results for the evolution of aquatic skills and better participation in the proposed activities.

KEYWORDS: Autism spectrum disorder, Aquatic skills, Swimming, Water activities.


Texto completo:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2016.64.011

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