Núm. 61 (2016)
Área 11. MEDICINA DEL DEPORTE / SPORT MEDICINE

Modificación del volumen-intensidad como medida preventiva de lesiones en fútbol sala / Modification of volume-intensity as preventive measure in futsal injuries

Publicado febrero 29, 2016

Resumen

A lo largo de los años se han desarrollado distintas metodologías para controlar las cargas de entrenamiento y optimizar el rendimiento. La prevención de lesiones se ha convertido en uno de los grandes objetivos del cuerpo técnico. Algunos estudios plantean que variables como el volumen de trabajo, la intensidad y la frecuencia en su realización pueden ser la clave para lograrlo. El propósito de este trabajo es analizar en qué magnitud han influido las diferentes medidas preventivas adoptadas referidas a estas variables en el plan de entrenamiento de un equipo profesional de fútbol sala y comprobar si existen diferencias con respecto a otra temporada del mismo equipo y de las mismas características. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 12 jugadores. Los resultados muestran una disminución del volumen mensual y total, del número de microciclos de mayor intensidad y del número de sesiones semanales entre la primera y la segunda temporada. Las medidas adoptadas han sido efectivas para disminuir la incidencia lesional.

PALABRAS CLAVE: Fútbol sala, lesiones, incidencia lesional, medidas preventivas, cuantificación del entrenamiento.

 

ABSTRACT

Over the years different methodologies have been developed to control the training loads and optimize performance. Injury prevention has become one of the major objectives of the coaching staff. Some studies suggest that variables such as workload, intensity and frequency may be important to achieving this. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the influence of the different preventive measures related to these variables in the training plan of a professional football team and see if there are differences with respect to another season of the same team and the same characteristics. The sample consisted of 12 players. The results show a decrease in the monthly volume and total volume, a decrease in the number of microcycles with greater  intensity and a decrease in the number of weekly sessions in the second season. The measures have been effective in reducing the incidence of injury.

KEY WORDS: Futsal, injuries, injury incidence, preventive measures, quantification of training.

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