Núm. 58 (2015)
REVISIONES/ REVIEWS

Efecto del entrenamiento con cargas sobre la grasa corporal en personas obesas. Revisión sistemática / Effects Of Resistance Training On The Body Fat In Obese People. pp. 371-386

Publicado octubre 1, 2015

Resumen

Área 6. FISIOLOGÍA DEL EJERCICIO / EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY 

La obesidad, una de las enfermedades más preocupantes hoy en día, ha impulsado la búsqueda de nuevas estrategias interdisciplinares entre la comunidad científica. Una línea de investigación de actual relevancia es la que analiza en qué medida un programa de intervención con cargas tiene efecto sobre la reducción de la obesidad. En este trabajo se revisa la producción bibliográfica hasta el año 2011 que ha investigado el efecto de los programas basados única y exclusivamente en entrenamiento con cargas, sobre la grasa corporal en personas obesas. Los resultados son divergentes, pues la mitad de estudios concluyen que el entrenamiento con cargas reduce la grasa corporal y la otra mitad no, si bien en ningún estudio se ha incrementado significativamente la grasa corporal de los participantes. Se aportan cuáles han sido los parámetros de entrenamiento y se sugieren pautas para la investigación a corto plazo sobre este particular. 

PALABRAS CLAVE: salud, obesidad, fuerza.

 

ABSTRACT

Nowadays obesity is a disease of high prevalence, that’s why scientific community is interested to research it. A line of relevant investigation is to analyze effects of strength training on reduction of obesity. This paper reviews the bibliographic research until the year 2011 which analyzed if the strength training reduces body fat of obese people. Results found are divergent. Half of studies conclude that training with loads reduces body fat and the other half do not.  However, there are not studies where participants increased their body fat. At the same time, this study reports about some strength training parameters and about guidelines for future research in this topic.

KEY WORDS: health, obesity, strength.

Citas

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