APLICACIÓN DE EJERCICIOS DE BRAIN GYM® EN PERSONAS INSTITUCIONALIZADAS CON DETERIORO COGNITIVO

C. Ayán, M.A. Sánchez-Lastra, P. Cabanelas

Resumen


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo comparar los efectos de un programa de ejercicios de Brain Gym® con un programa de gimnasia de mantenimiento en pacientes mayores institucionalizados con deterioro cognitivo. Veintinueve personas institucionalizadas con deterioro cognitivo participaron en dos programas, uno basado en ejercicios de Brain Gym® y otro de gimnasia de mantenimiento, durante 18 semanas. Se emplearon los test Mini-examen cognoscitivo, Fototest, Trail Making Test, Índice de Barthel y el Timed up and Go. No se encontraron mejoras significativas en las variables analizadas. Se observó una tendencia positiva, especialmente en el grupo de gimnasia de mantenimiento, en la función cognitiva global y salud física. En conclusión, los efectos de un programa de ejercicios de Brain Gym® en una muestra de personas mayores institucionalizadas con deterioro cognitivo fueron similares a los de un programa de gimnasia de mantenimiento, sin mejoras significativas de la función cognitiva o independencia funcional.

 

PALABRAS CLAVE: Ejercicio físico; Gimnasia cerebral; Deterioro cognitivo; Condición física; Adulto Mayor; Institucionalizados.


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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2018.72.011

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