El discurso oficial de las autoridades marroquíes y sus aliados en la ecologización de sus políticas públicas: modernización del autoritarismo, inserción internacional y lucha contra el cambio climático

Andrew HEFFERNAN

Resumen


La región de Oriente Medio y África del Norte (MENA) ha sido principalmente caracterizada por la presencia de regímenes autoritarios. Gran parte de las lecturas académicas tradicionales considera que muchos de estos regímenes son antidemocráticos y, por lo tanto, niegan la posibilidad de que estos regímenes puedan trabajar de manera significativa y efectiva hacia objetivos globales importantes. Al participar en un enfoque posdemocrático, este documento va más allá de lo que le falta a Marruecos en cuanto a principios y normas democráticas. En cambio, se centra en la acción beneficiosa que está tomando para combatir el cambio climático a nivel nacional y, en última instancia, trabajar con la comunidad internacional para contribuir a objetivos climáticos globales. Este documento explora las numerosas iniciativas que el régimen marroquí está emprendiendo a su propio ritmo, a la vez que analiza los actores clave en estas actividades, así como sus impulsos para hacerlo. En última instancia, se presentan datos para llegar a la conclusión de que, aunque el régimen marroquí esté llevando a cabo tales actividades, es en gran parte para consolidar y legitimar su propio poder, tomando medidas importantes que son beneficiosas para su propio pueblo y el resto del mundo. En este sentido, el régimen marroquí autoritario está combatiendo el cambio climático como un medio para mantener y reforzar su propio control sobre el poder en la región.

Palabras clave


Cambio climático; Autoritarismo; Marruecos; Legitimidad; Posdemocracia

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/relacionesinternacionales2019.42.009

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