Llevando la Economía al realismo estructural: diferenciación y diálogo de asimetrías entre estructuras políticas y económicas en la estratificación de las jerarquías internacionales

Lucas DE OLIVEIRA PAES

Resumen


El presente trabajo pretende comprender el proceso de estratificación material de las jerarquías internacionales a través de la dinámica de socialización, que interrelaciona las estructuras políticas y económicas de diferenciación en las relaciones interestatales. El estudio del nexo entre la política y la economía no es novedoso en las Relaciones Internacionales. Sin embargo, la literatura teórica de la disciplina carece de una comprensión de las estructuras políticas y económicas de modo independiente, sin reducir unas a las otras. Para completar esta laguna, este artículo reinterpreta el realismo estructural a la luz del reciente debate sobre la concepción sociológica de las estructuras como subsistemas de diferenciación entre actores de un determinado sistema social. El marco conceptual de la teoría de la diferenciación estructural es utilizado como lenguaje para entender y caracterizar la socialización configurada entre estructuras asimétricas, tales como las de naturaleza política y económica. Así, se discuten los nexos que emergen de las transacciones sociales internacionales de naturaleza política y económica considerando su papel en la constitución del sistema de estados contemporáneo y sus efectos estructurantes sobre el sistema internacional.


Palabras clave


Teoría de Relaciones Internacionales; realismo estructural; teoría de la diferenciación; Kenneth Waltz; economía política internacional; International Relations theory; structural realism; theory of differentiation; Kenneth Waltz; International Political

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/relacionesinternacionales2019.40.004

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