La política exterior de Estados Unidos y el Estado Islámico. The U.S. Foreign policy and the Islamic State

Juan Tovar Ruiz

Resumen


Resumen

La retirada de las tropas estadounidenses de Irak constituyó una de las reivindicaciones principales de la Administración Obama como éxito de la política exterior estadounidense. El surgimiento del Estado Islámico demostró la fragilidad de los logros del proceso de construcción estatal iraquí. Ante una situación cada vez más preocupante para la estabilidad regional y pese a las reticencias iniciales de la Administración Obama, Estados Unidos acabaría viéndose envuelto en un nuevo y probablemente largo conflicto en el Próximo Oriente. A través de un análisis de los discursos, los hechos y los procesos de toma de decisiones en la Administración Obama, el presente artículo pretende ofrecer una visión de la reciente política exterior estadounidense hacia la región y analizar las principales dimensiones doctrinales o estratégicas que implican la recuperación central de una región que, de manera reiterada y pese a una supuesta centralidad del "Giro hacia el Pacífico", ha demostrado tener una naturaleza vital para la potencia norteamericana a lo largo del tiempo.

Palabras clave: Estados Unidos, Política exterior, Estado Islámico, doctrina, Irak, Siria

 

The US Foreign Policy and the islamic State

Abstract

The Withdrawal of the American Troops from Iraq was claimed by the Obama Administration as one of the main successes of the recent American Foreign Policy. The Rise of the Islamic State proved the fragility of the Nation Building process in Iraq. Given the fact of the rising threats for the regional stability and in spite of the initial reluctance of the Obama Administration, the United States was evolved in a new and probably long conflict in the Middle East. Following the Strategic Documents, the official discourse of the Obama Administration and the facts of the American Foreign Policy, the article analyzes the American Foreign Policy toward the Islamic State and the main doctrinal and strategic dimensions related to a region that, in spite of a theoretical centrality of the "Pivot" to the Pacific, has proved its enduring vital nature for the United States.

Key words: United States, Foreign Policy, Islamic State, doctrine, Iraq, Syria


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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/reim2016.20.003

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Copyright (c) 2016 Juan Tovar Ruiz

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