YOLANDA’S PORTRAIT: A STORY OF TRIQUI LINGUISTIC RESISTANCE MEDIATED BY ENGLISH AND ETHNOGRAPHIC COEVALNESS IN OAXACA, MEXICO

Ángeles Clemente, Michael J. Higgins, Yolanda Merino-López, William Sughrua

Resumen


ABSTRACT
This ethnographic study provides insights into the social contradictions of everyday language use in the multicultural context of Oaxaca, México. Following a coeval perspective (Fabian, 2007), the researchers, along with the participant, co-construct or co-perform the ethnographic encounter. Based on a larger ethnographic study on how Oaxacan university students perform English with a ‘postcolonial accent,’ the authors explore Yolanda’s use of English, along with Spanish and Triqui, as a series of multilingual social and cultural performances (Clemente and Higgins, 2008). This study takes place within the B.A. program in the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) at the Language Centre of the state university of Oaxaca. Here, Yolanda becomes the sole focus within the coeval ethnographic perspective; that is, Yolanda is the co-performer of the ethnographic encounter.

KEYWORDS: Ethnographic Encounter - Coeval Perspective - Oaxaca - Triqui: Indigenous Peoples

 

RESUMEN
Este estudio etnográfico reflexiona sobre las contradicciones sociales del uso cotidiano del lenguaje en el contexto multicultural de Oaxaca, México. Basado en una perspectiva coeva o de coexistencia (Fabian, 2007), los investigadores junto con la participante, son los coconstructores y co-realizadores del encuentro etnográfico (ibid). Partiendo de un estudio etnográfico previo sobre la forma en que estudiantes universitarios oaxaqueños realizan su inglés con un acento postcolonial, los autores exploran la forma en que Yolanda hace de su inglés, junto con su español y su triqui, una serie de realizaciones sociales y culturales multilingües (Clemente & Higgins, 2008). Este estudio se lleva a cabo dentro del contexto de la licenciatura en la enseñanza del inglés como lengua extranjera en la Facultad de Idiomas de la universidad estatal de Oaxaca. Aquí, Yolanda es la única participante dentro de esta perspectiva de coexistencia etnográfica; es decir, Yolanda es la co-realizadora del encuentro etnográfico.

PALABRAS CLAVE: Encuentro etnográfico - Perspectiva coeva - Oaxaca - Triqui - Pueblos indígenas.


Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referencias


Ashcroft, B; Griffiths, G. and Tiffin, H. (1998). Post-Colonial Studies. London: Routledge.

Atkinson, R. (2002). The life story interview. In J. F. Gubrium and J. A. Holstein (Eds.), Handbook of interview research: Context and method (pp. 121-140). London: SAGE

Barabas, A. and Bartolomé, M. (1999). Configuraciones étnicas en Oaxaca: Perspectivas etnográficas para las autonomías. México, D.F.: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia / Instituto Nacional Indigenista.

Bourdieu, P. (1991). Language and Symbolic Power. Cambridge: Polity.

Canagarajah, S. (2004). Subversive identities, pedagogical safe houses, and critical learning. In B. Norton and K. Toohey (Eds.), Critical pedagogies and language learning (pp. 116-137). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Clemente, A; Dantas, M. and Higgins, M. (2009). Ethnographic encounters with young language learners in an urban primary school of Oaxaca. (Forthcoming.)

Clemente, A. and Higgins, M. (2008). Performing English with a Postcolonial Accent: Ethnographic Narratives from México. London: Tufnell Press.

Clemente, A. and Higgins, M. (2009). Flying over prison walls: The praxis of language performances with a postcolonial accent: An ethnographic encounter in Oaxaca, México. Paper presented to the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, April 12, 2009.

Czarniawska, B. (2004). The uses of narrative in social science research. In M. Hardy and A. Bryman (Eds.), Handbook of data analysis (pp. 649-666). London: Sage.

Fabian, J. (2007). Memory against culture. Durham: Duke University Press.

Fielding, N. (2008). Ethnography. In N. Gilbert (Ed.), Researching social life (pp. 266-284). Los Angeles: SAGE.

Gal, S. (1989). Language and Political Economy. Annual Review of Anthropology, 18, 345-367.

Galeano, E. (1985). Memory of Fire: Genesis. New York: Norton Books.

Gergen, M. and Gergen, K. (2002). Ethnographic representation as relationship. In A. P. Bochner and C. Ellis (Eds.), Ethnographically speaking: Autoethnography, literature, and aesthetics (pp. 11-33). Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.

Earthy, S. and Cronin, A. (2008). Narrative Analysis. In N. Gilbert (Ed.), Researching social Life (3rd ed.) (pp. 420-439). Los Angeles: SAGE.

Gillham, B. (2005). Research interviewing. Maidenhead: Open University Press.

González Casanova, P. (1986). El poder al pueblo. México, D.F.: Océano.

Green, J; Dixon, C. and Zaharlick, A. (2003). Ethnography as a logic of inquiry. In J. Flood, D. Lapp, J. Squire and J. Jensen (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Teaching the English Language Arts: Sponsored by International Reading Association & National Council of Teachers of English (pp. 145-194). Mahway, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Higgins, M. (1997). Somos Tocayos. Oaxaca: Instituto Oaxaqueño de las Culturas.

Holliday, A. (2007). Doing and writing qualitative research. London: Sage.

Johnson, J. M. (2002). In-depth interviewing. In J. F. Gubrium and J. A. Holstein (Eds.), Handbook of interview research: Context and method (pp. 103-119). London: Sage.

Jovchelovitch, S. and Bauer, M. W. (2002). Narrative interviewing. In M. W. Bauer and G. Gaskell (Eds.), Qualitative researching with text, image and sound (pp. 57-73). London: Sage.

Kachru, B. B. (1986). The Alchemy of English. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Kumaravadivelu, B. (2003). Beyond Methods: Macrostrategies for Language Teaching. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

Kumaravadivelu, B. (2005). Understanding language teaching: From method to post-method. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Kumaravadivelu, B. (2007). Interrogating cultural complexities in the classroom. Plenary presented at the Second International Qualitative Research Conference, University of Guanajuato, Guanajuato, México, May 30-31, 2007.

Lewin Fischer, P. and Sandoval Cruz, F. (2007). Triquis. México D.F., Comisión Nacional para el Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indígenas. (Also available at http://www.cdi.gob.mx .)

Mason, J. (2006). Qualitative researching. London: Sage.

Merrill, B. and West, L. (2009). Using Biographical Methods in Social Research. London: Sage

Mignolo, W. (2002). The geopolitics of knowledge and the colonial difference. The South Atlantic Quarterly, 101 (1), 56-95.

Mignolo, W. (2005). Prophets facing sidewise: The geopolitics of knowledge and the colonial difference. Social Epistemology, 19 (1), 111-127.

Nahmad Sittón, S. (2000). Derechos lingüísticos de los indígenas de México. In IEEPO (Ed.), Inclusión y diversidad: Discusiones recientes sobre la educación indígena en México (pp. 3-25), Oaxaca, México: Colección Voces del Fondo / IEEPO.

Neuman, W. L. (2000). Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches (4th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Norget, K. (2006). Days of death, days of life: Ritual of popular culture of Oaxaca. New York: Columbia University Press.

Núñez Miranda, C. (Writer/Director). (2006). Deshilando condenas, bordando libertades [video]. México: Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres / Grupo de Estudios Rosario Castellanos.

Ortiz Nahon, A. (2000). Los niños y jóvenes Triquis que trabajan en la calle en la ciudad de Oaxaca, 1999. Unpublished master’s thesis, Instituto Tecnológico de Oaxaca, Oaxaca, México.

Pardo, M. (2008). El peritaje lingüístico como herramienta jurídica de defensa. In M. Dalton, and S. Aquino (Eds.), Memoria XX aniversario CIESAS: Pacifico Sur (pp. 197-200). Oaxaca: CIESAS.

Pratt, M. L. (1991). Arts in the Contact Zone. Profession, 91, 33-40.

Richardson, L. (2002). Skirting a pleated text: De-disciplining an academic life. In N. K. Denzin and Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), The qualitative inquiry reader (pp. 39-50). Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Richardson, L. and St. Pierre, E. A. (2005). Writing: A method of Inquiry. In N. K. Denzin and Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), The Sage handbook of qualitative research (3rd ed.) (pp. 959-978). Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Sánchez Treviño, M. (2009, September 23). Abundan las Jacintas: CNDH. La Jornada, p. 16.

Sherman Heyl, B. (2002). Ethnographic interviewing. In P. Atkinson, A. Coffey, S. Delamont, J. Lofland and L. Lofland (Eds.), Handbook of ethnography (pp. 369-383). London: Sage.

Silverman, D. (2004). Research and social theory. In C. Seale (Ed.), Researching society and culture (2nd ed.) (pp. 47-58). London: Sage.

Silverman, D. (2006). Interpreting qualitative data. Los Angeles: Sage.

Quecha, C. (2008). Los intelectuales indígenas y el movimiento indio: El caso de Tlhauitoltepec, Mixe. Humanidades, 6 Julio 2008, (4), 121-144.

Walsh, D. (2004). Doing ethnography. In C. Seale (Ed.), Researching society and culture (2nd ed.) (pp. 225-237). London: Sage.

Warren, C. (2002). Qualitative interviewing. In J. F. Gubrium and J. A. Holstein (Eds.), Handbook of interview research: Context and method (pp. 83-100). London: Sage.

Watts, J. H. (2008). Emotion, empathy and exit: Reflections on doing ethnographic qualitative research on sensitive topics. Medical Sociology Online, 3 (2), 3-14.

Woolard, K. (2005). Language and identity choice in Catalonia: The interplay of contrasting ideologies of linguistic authority. Paper presented at the International Conference on Regulations of Societal Multilingualism in Linguistic Policies, Berlin, June 1-3, 2005.


Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.