LA VIDA OCULTA DE LAS NIÑAS: UN ESTUDIO ETNOGRÁFICO SOBRE LA EXCLUSIÓN SOCIAL

Marjorie Harness Goodwin

Resumen


RESUMEN
Con el análisis de las prácticas lingüísticas a lo largo del tiempo de dos grupos de iguales de niñas, descubrimos el modo en el que los miembros del grupo controlan su sistema social, castigando a los miembros considerados como ofensores de las normas sociales locales. Más que centradas en promover la afiliación social, entre las niñas de estos grupos emerge una forma de socialización que degrada abiertamente a las ofensoras y les niega su estatus como participantes en la actividad del grupo. Con este estudio intento comprender el nexo interacción-estructura social a través de la descripción de una variedad de prácticas lingüísticas en las que las identidades están vinculadas a acciones específicas dentro de la interacción social.

Palabras Clave: Interacción entre iguales - Género - Maltrato entre iguales - Antropología Lingüística.

 

ABSTRACT
Examination of the language practices of two girls’ peer groups over time reveals ways in which members actively police their social order, sanctioning those deemed violators of local social norms. Rather than attempting to maximize affiliative actions, a form of human sociality emerges where members openly degrade violators and deny them a ratified participant status in local activities. Through this study I attempt to understand the interaction/social structure nexus by describing the range of linguistic practices through which identities are linked to specific actions within interactions.


Keywords: Peer interaction - Gender - Bullying - Linguistic Anthropology.


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Referencias


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